Indian democracy is a form of government where power is vested in the people through free and fair elections. It is the largest democracy in the world, with a population of over 1.3 billion people. The Constitution of India serves as the guiding document that outlines the basic principles of governance and the rights and responsibilities of its citizens.
The Indian democratic system consists of three branches of government: the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary. The legislature is responsible for making laws, the executive implements these laws, and the judiciary is responsible for interpreting them.
India has a federal system of government, with power shared between the central government and the state governments. The central government is headed by the Prime Minister, who is elected by the members of the lower house of the parliament, and the President, who is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both houses of parliament and state legislatures.
Indian democracy has faced many challenges, including issues of corruption, communalism, and political violence. However, it has also witnessed successful elections and peaceful transfers of power, reflecting the strength of the country’s democratic institutions.